On 28 February 1916, Peter Anderson appeared for the local tribunal and applied for total exemption from military service, stating: “All my life I have had the greatest possible antipathy to any form of armed force believing it to be immoral and quite unnecessary. For years I have believed in the abolition of armaments and the unity of Nations. The brotherhood of Man is my religion so that I cannot consent to participate in what my conscience and principles dictates is wrong.”
On 3 April, he was granted exemption from combatant service only. He appealed but the appeal dismissed. He refused to serve and he was due to appear before Sheriff Court on 14 June 1916, he did not appear and he was found dead at home with his throat cut, he had committed suicide.