On 26 February 1916, Francis Halliday appeared for a local tribunal and asked for total exemption stating: “My conscience does not allow me to assist in any way in the slaughter of my fellow men. I believe that the brotherhood of men can only be brought about by methods of pacifism. Accordingly, the prosecution of this war or any war is to me a retrograde movement in the development of humanity. No matter what the decision of the tribunal may be it cannot alter my convictions.” On 16 March 1916, he was granted a total exemption, however, following the appeal of a military representative, the appeal tribunal decided to grant him exemption from combatant service only on March 28 1916.
He then asked to work for work of national importance under conditions satisfying his conscience but he was not allowed, he appealed, the appeal was dismissed.
On 16 August 1916, she was court-martialled in Hamilton and sentenced to 112 days hard labour in Barlinnie Civil Prison. He was in Barlinnie Civil Prison from 21 August 1916 to 5 October 1916, when he was released to Home Office Scheme in Wigtown.