Men whose claims to exemption were rejected by local tribunals, as so many were, could appeal to County wide Appeals Tribunals. After the war, the records of most Appeals Tribunals were destroyed. Those of the Edinburgh Tribunal were one of a small number which were preserved and so give an important window into the significant… Continue reading Edinburgh COs
By Brian Larkin John Muir departed from Wisconsin bound for Canada on 1 March 1864, days before the third draft of the US Civil War was called on 10 March. Opinion is divided as to whether, in going to Canada he intended to avoid the draft, as did many other men including his younger brother… Continue reading Was John Muir a Draft Avoider?
By Elena (Lane) Deamant Introduction: The Cultural Backdrop The political, ideological, and ethical contentions of the Vietnam War led to the largest antiwar movement in history. Around 1964-5, when the US military began its full-throttle attacks on North Vietnam, the American public was already primed for protest activism by the ongoing civil rights and anti-nuclear… Continue reading Conscientious Objection and Opposition to the Vietnam War in the USA
By Alexander Gunnar Raboisson The right to conscientious objections remains a blurred area in which the applicability of it differs from nation to nation. If we read the factsheet on conscientious objections of the European court of human rights, it is easy to observe that it has in the past not been prevalent within the… Continue reading French Conscientious Objection to the Algerian War
By Elena (Lane) Deamant This article is an extended version of the article that first appeared in the Summer 2020 edition of the Peace and Justice News. In April 1941, in the midst of the Second World War, British women were conscripted for the first time into industrial work for the war effort. Lacking sufficient… Continue reading UK Women Opposing Conscription during WW2